Komodo island is one of the many islands in the republic of Indonesia. It is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province.
Komodo Island has a surface area of 390 km2 and permanent population of over 2,000. The most populations are Islam but there are also Christian and Hindu. In addition, the island is a popular destination for diving. On November 11, 2011, The Komodo island is included to New 7 Wonders of Nature list.
There are some unique fauna that live on Komodo Island. One of those is the Komodo Dragon, the largest lizard in the earth, takes its name from the island. Komodo is a type of monitor lizard which inhabits Komodo Island and some of the smaller surrounding islands. Javan deer also inhabit the island and the other animals includes buffalo, civets, cockatoo. Komodo Island also contains a beach with pink sand. There are only seven beaches which have pink sand in the world. The sand becomes pink because it is a mixture of white sand and red sand.
Komodo is the world’s largest terrestrial reptiles. These animals include the endangered animals because these animals are endemic. Endemic means, these animals live only in certain areas. Komodo only live on an island called Komodo Island, Indonesia. Komodo including the type of carnivorous animal, this animal has a tongue that is slightly elongated shape and forked at the tip of the tongue like a snake. Research shows that the end of the forked tongue that serves to “taste” the food. These animals usually make their nests underground.Komodo is an animal that is very unique because it has two ways to reproduce. First, by way of fertilization (conception) between male and female Komodo dragons. This way is the way of sexual reproduction. The second way is through “Parthenogenesis”. This makes a Komodo dragon females become pregnant without going through the process of fertilization. However, “parthenogenesis” lead all the eggs are born through “parthenogenesis” will be dragons always male sex. “Parthenogenesis” is expected to function to prevent the extinction of dragons.Many people say, dragons are close relatives of dinosaurs. It is seen from the discovery of fossils of dinosaurs certain body structure shows similarities with dragons. It is estimated that dragons are one of the many “living fossil” and witness to history on the extinction of the dinosaurs. If this is true, most likely, the reproductive system parthenogenesis is what causes the persistence of this species from extinction. Now, the number is very small population of dragons, and the species has been listed as one of hundreds of endangered animal species.