Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is about 100 km in the west of Semarang, 86 km to the west of Surakarta, and 40 km in the west of Yogyakarta. The stupa that shaped the temple was founded by the followers of Mahayana Buddhism’s around the year of 800 AD on the Sailendra dynasty. Borobudur temple is the largest Buddhist Temple and also the world’s largest Buddhist monument.
This monument comprises six terraces with difference shaped squares on which there are three circular courtyard on the above, the walls adorned with 2.672 relief panels and there are 504 original Buddha statues. Borobudur has the most complete collection of Buddhist aid and the largest ones in the world. The main largest stupa is located n the middle of the building on which it is also crowned the building surrounded by three rows of circular 72 perforated stupas in which there is buddha statues sitting cross-legged inside with hands perform lotus hearts perfect position with mudra (hands shape) Dharmachakra mudra (turning the wheel of dharma).
This temple is a model of the universe and is constructed as a sacred place for people to review venerate Buddha to serve as a shrine to bring the mankind and switch them from natural lust to the enlightenment and wisdom teachings of the Buddha. The pilgrims walk through the east side of the monumen then begin the ritual at the base of the temple by walking circling the holy building unidirectional the clockwise, then continue to rise into the next steps through the realm of the hearts of three levels of Buddhist cosmology. The third level is Kamadhatu (the realm of lust), Rupadhatu (tangible realm), and Arupadhatu (not tangible realm). During the journey, the pilgrims walk through a series of hallways and stairs while seeing about 1,460 beautiful relief panels carved on the wall and balustrade.
This giant building was only formed of the giant pile of stone blocks which has a total height of 42 meters. It was built without using jointed rock or adhesive cement. It was built by using stones connected by pattern and stacked. The width of the base of Borobudur temple is approximately 118 m on each side. The stones used are approximately 55,000 cubic meter. All the stones were taken from the river around Borobudur. The stones, then, were cut and transported. Then, the stones were placed like the pattern of lego games on which all of the stones were placed without using adhesive or cement.