The Beauty of Bunaken


Bunaken National Park is a tourist attraction located in the Gulf of Manado – North Sulawesi with an area of about 8.08 km square, this tourist spot is one part of the government of Manado city which is the capital city of North Sulawesi. This beautiful Marine Park located around the island of Manado Tua (Mantehage and Siladen). To enjoy the underwater atmosphere of Bunaken, the visitor have to dive into and move to the rhythm of the waves that flow.

Bunaken is the most popular site of tourism destination. The number of tourist visiting Bunaken Manado shows an increasing trend year after year. Statistical data recorded at the end of August 2012, the number of tourist visits Bunaken reached 21,889 from domestic and 7,850 from abroad. On average, Bunaken tourist attractions in Manado is visited by more than 35 thousand people every year. The amazing underwater enchantment of living thing underwater of Indonesia mostly found in Bunaken. There are about 13 types of coral reefs located down about 25 – 50 meters depth. The visitor will also be spoiled with views that are served by about 91 species of fish in the Marine Park Bunaken. Among others, white koi (Seriola rivoliana), local gusimi (hippocampus), indigo gasi (Scolopsis bilineatus), goropa (spinotocepsep hinephelus and hypselosoma Pseudanthias), yellow tail lollicity (Lutjanus kasmira), and many others. Not only that here are also found many mollusks such as goat head fish (Cassis cornuta), nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), giant kima (Tridacna gigas) and tunikates or askidian. Here, the tourists are treated by the existence of the natural beauty of Bunaken which is one of the world heritage sites. Visitors and tourists can see a variety of coral reefs with its beautiful color. There are about 400 species of corals live and breed in Bunaken and more than 3000 species of fish live in it. According to some studies, the number of genera (one level above species) of coral reefs in Bunaken is higher than Hawaii which is also famous for its marine beauty. There are many dive sites available in Bunaken. There are at least 30 frequently visited dive sites. The best diving sites in Bunaken are near Bunaken Island and Manado Tua Island. There are so many kinds of marine biota that can be witnessed around those two island for its beauty and variety.

There are 5 islands included in this national park such as Naen Island, Bunaken Island, Manado Tua Island, Siladen Island, Island of Mantehage and small islands around it. those islands are inhabited by 21,000 approximately. Geographically Bunaken Island is included in the territorial waters “Triangle of Gold”. More than about 3000 fish species are located in Bunaken. The “Golden Triangle” region is a marine pathway linking the Philippine sea, Papua sea, and the Indonesian sea. Because of the natural wealth in Bunaken, national and international non-governmental organizations work together in the conservation of coral reefs and mangroves.